Teresa Torres

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Direct Factors That May Effect Computer Usage                        
                                   
        Total Sample       Male         Female      
Social Status                                  
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
  Age     -0.571 (21, 20.429) 0.009 122 Yes   -0.531 (20.947, 20.417) 0.116 62 No   -0.659 (21.095, 20.436) 0.0321 60 Yes
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
  Ethnic Minority     0.00044 0.9832 113 Yes   0.004 0.9477 57 Yes   0.743 0.3888 56 Yes
  Gender     10.754 0.001 134 No*   NA NA NA NA   NA NA NA NA
  Income     4.688 0.4551 127 Yes   4.358 0.499 61 Yes   3.735 0.5882 65 Yes
Family Influences                                  
  Mother                                
    Education   4.01 0.4047 133 Yes   NA NA 64 NA   NA NA 68 NA
    Occupation   0.597 0.4398 113 Yes   0.138 0.71 56 Yes   0.192 0.6611 57 Yes
    Encouragement   0.229 0.6321 134 Yes   0.011 0.9147 66 Yes   0.604 0.437 67 Yes
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
    Spent Time With   0.31 (2.857, 3.167) 0.2357 135 No   -0.17 (2.825, 2.808) 0.9667 66 No   0.506 (2.864, 3.370) 0.158 68 No
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 0.871 0.3507 135 Yes   0.31 0.5778 66 Yes   0.632 0.4267 68 Yes
      DE 0.119 0.7305 135 Yes   0.003 0.959 66 Yes   0.517 0.4722 68 Yes
      DMS 0.85 0.3565 135 Yes   0.358 0.5498 66 Yes   3.235 0.0721 68 Yes
      DHS 2.315 0.1281 135 Yes   NA NA 66 NA   2.551 0.1102 68 Yes
      DC 7.532 0.0061 135 No*   1.269 0.2599 66 Yes   5.047 0.0247 68 No*
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
    Used Computers   0.099 (1.905, 1.806) 0.7018 135 No   0.248 (2.175, 2.423) 0.5197 66 No   0.047 (1.409, 1.457) 0.8953 68 No
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 1.33 0.2489 135 Yes   0.37 0.5433 66 Yes   NA1 NA1 68 NA1
      DE 2.203 0.1378 135 Yes   1.958 0.1617 66 Yes   2.677 0.1018 68 Yes
      DMS 2.643 0.104 135 Yes   4.476 0.0344 66 No*   1.769 0.1835 68 Yes
      DHS 2.009 0.1564 135 Yes   0.001 0.9744 66 Yes   1.452 0.2282 68 Yes
      DC 5.294 0.0214 135 No   2.204 0.1377 66 Yes   0.525 0.4687 68 Yes
  Father                                
    Education   3.796 0.4343 133 Yes   NA NA 64 NA   2.773 0.5966 68 Yes
    Ocupation   0.051 0.8208 112 Yes   1.151 0.2834 56 Yes   1.082 0.2982 56 Yes
    Encouragement   1.748 0.1861 134 Yes   0.155 0.6941 66 Yes   1.412 0.2348 67 Yes
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
    Spent Time With   0.641 (1.651, 2.292) 0.0378 135 Yes   0.671 (1.675, 2.346) 0.1469 66 No   0.715 (1.545, 2.261) 0.1215 68 No
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 2.827 0.0927 135 Yes   1.98 0.1594 66 Yes   1.493 0.2217 68 Yes
      DE 1.172 0.279 135 Yes   0.374 0.5407 66 Yes   1.452 0.2282 68 Yes
      DMS 1.51 0.2191 135 Yes   1.467 0.2259 66 Yes   0.287 0.5921 68 Yes
      DHS 3.486 0.0619 135 Yes   1.777 0.1825 66 Yes   1.176 0.2782 68 Yes
      DC 4.718 0.0299 135 No   1.269 0.2599 66 Yes   3.841 0.05 68 No
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
    Used Computers   -0.378 (2.323, 1.944) 0.2218 134 No   0.131 (2.1, 2.231) 0.7678 66 No   -0.884 (2.667, 1.783) 0.0666 67 No
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 4.472 0.0345 135 No   2.758 0.0968 66 Yes   2.552 0.1102 68 Yes
      DE 2.68 0.1016 135 Yes   0.022 0.8827 66 Yes   3.483 0.062 68 Yes
      DMS 0.001 0.9815 135 Yes   1.709 0.1911 66 Yes   1.045 0.3066 68 Yes
      DHS 0.157 0.6915 135 Yes   1.071 0.3007 66 Yes   2.596 0.1072 68 Yes
      DC 1.289 0.2561 135 Yes   0.094 0.947 66 Yes   1.789 0.1811 68 Yes
  Older Brothers     0.234 0.6283 134 Yes   0.62 0.431 66 Yes   0.004 0.948 68 Yes
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
    Spent Time With   0.077 (0.825, 0.903) 0.7706 135 No   0.87 (0.875, 0.962) 0.8344 66 No   0.097 (0.773, 0.870) 0.7991 68 No
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 0.026 0.8724 135 Yes   0.032 0.8586 66 Yes   0.09 0.7647 68 Yes
      DE 0.43 0.5118 135 Yes   0.161 0.688 66 Yes   0.478 0.4894 68 Yes
      DMS 0.009 0.9242 135 Yes   0.31 0.5778 66 Yes   0.11 0.7404 68 Yes
      DHS 1.011 0.3147 135 Yes   0.555 0.4562 66 Yes   1.164 0.2807 68 Yes
      DC 1.81 0.1785 135 Yes   0.201 0.6542 66 Yes   1.164 0.2807 68 Yes
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
    Used Computers   0.028 (0.778, 0.806) 0.9102 135 No   -0.19 (0.750, 0.731) 0.9572 66 No   -0.16 (0.864, 0.848) 0.9668 68 No
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 0.857 0.3547 135 Yes   0.37 0.5433 66 Yes   0.604 0.4368 68 Yes
      DE 0.66 0.4167 135 Yes   0.436 0.5092 66 Yes   0.889 0.3458 68 Yes
      DMS 0.67 0.7958 135 Yes   0.31 0.5778 66 Yes   0.091 0.7629 68 Yes
      DHS 0.476 0.4902 135 Yes   0.31 0.5778 66 Yes   0.115 0.7343 68 Yes
      DC 0.419 0.5173 135 Yes   0.16 0.6889 66 Yes   1.204 0.2725 68 Yes
  Older Sisters     3.247 0.716 132 Yes   0.829 0.3627 66 Yes   3.809 0.51 68 Yes
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
    Spent Time With   0.052 (0.587, 0.639) 0.8249 135 No   -0.006 (0.275, 0.269) 0.9778 66 No   -0.198 (1.045, 0.848) 0.6448 68 No
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 0.35 0.5541 135 Yes   0.962 0.3267 66 Yes   0.253 0.6148 68 Yes
      DE 0.016 0.9009 135 Yes   0.001 0.977 66 Yes   0.253 0.6148 68 Yes
      DMS 0 0.9999 135 Yes   0.48 0.826 66 Yes   0.578 0.4473 68 Yes
      DHS 0.389 0.5328 135 Yes   0.048 0.826 66 Yes   0.03 0.8633 68 Yes
      DC 0.299 0.5847 135 Yes   1.341 0.2469 66 Yes   0.11 0.7404 68 Yes
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
    Used Computers   0.117 (0.397, 0.514) 0.5597 135 No   0.021 (0.325, 0.346) 0.9326 66 No   0.063 (0.545, 0.609) 0.8536 68 No
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 0.882 0.3478 135 Yes   NA2 NA2 66 NA2   0.485 0.486 68 Yes
      DE 0.389 0.5328 135 Yes   0.979 0.3224 66 Yes   0.313 0.5757 68 Yes
      DMS 0.185 0.6672 135 Yes   0.102 0.75 66 Yes   0.18 0.892 68 Yes
      DHS 0.041 0.8391 135 Yes   0.014 0.9069 66 Yes   0.03 0.8633 68 Yes
      DC 0.511 0.4748 135 Yes   0.001 0.977 66 Yes   0.74 0.3897 68 Yes
  Younger Brothers     3.957 0.0467 133 No*   0.783 0.3762 66 Yes   2.1 0.1473 68 Yes
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
    Spent Time With   0.264 (0.667, 0.931) 0.306 135 No   0.360 (0.525, 0.885) 0.3178 66 No   0.002 (0.955, 0.957) 0.9961 68 No
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 0.419 0.5173 135 Yes   1.14 0.2856 66 Yes   0.096 0.7561 68 Yes
      DE 2.994 0.0836 135 Yes   2.096 0.1477 66 Yes   0.234 0.6285 68 Yes
      DMS 0.773 0.3792 135 Yes   1.269 0.2599 66 Yes   0.09 0.7647 68 Yes
      DHS 0.008 0.9281 135 Yes   0.691 0.4058 66 Yes   0.578 0.4473 68 Yes
      DC 0.689 0.4066 135 Yes   1.341 0.2469 66 Yes   1.164 0.2807 68 Yes
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
    Used Computers   0.323 (0.635, 0.958) 0.1818 135 No   0.208 (0.600, 0.808) 0.531 66 No   0.316 (0.727, 1.043) 0.4187 68 No
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 0.778 0.3779 135 Yes   0.66 0.4166 66 Yes   1.501 0.2205 68 Yes
      DE 0.858 0.3544 135 Yes   2.096 0.1477 66 Yes   0.005 0.9462 68 Yes
      DMS 1.403 0.2363 135 Yes   1.269 0.2599 66 Yes   0.115 0.7343 68 Yes
      DHS 1.722 0.1894 135 Yes   0.089 0.7651 66 Yes   1.013 0.3141 68 Yes
      DC 0.773 0.3792 135 Yes   0.002 0.966 66 Yes   0.234 0.6285 68 Yes
  Younger Sisters     0.019 0.8918 134 Yes   0.717 0.3973 66 Yes   1.013 0.3141 68 Yes
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
    Spent Time With   -0.056 (0.778, 0.722) 0.8281 135 No   -.415 (0.800, 0.385) 0.2378 66 No   0.140 (0.773, 0.913) 0.732 68 No
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 0.419 0.5173 135 Yes   0.014 0.9069 66 Yes   0.36 0.5485 68 Yes
      DE 0.067 0.7958 135 Yes   0.812 0.3674 66 Yes   0.517 0.4722 68 Yes
      DMS 0.088 0.7672 135 Yes   1.287 0.2566 66 Yes   0.517 0.4722 68 Yes
      DHS 0.326 0.5679 135 Yes   1.857 0.173 66 Yes   0.155 0.694 68 Yes
      DC 3.75 0.0528 135 No   0.852 0.3559 66 Yes   3.532 0.0602 68 Yes
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
    Used Computers   -0.175 (0.952, 0.778) 0.4611 135 No   -0.775 (1.275, 0.500) 0.035 66 Yes   0.526 (0.409, 0.935) 0.1112 68 No
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 1.776 0.1826 135 Yes   NA3 NA3 66 NA3   0.986 0.3208 68 Yes
      DE 0.081 0.7759 135 Yes   0.812 0.3674 66 Yes   2.581 0.1081 68 Yes
      DMS 1.55 0.2132 135 Yes   7.321 0.0068 66 No   2.114 0.1459 68 Yes
      DHS 0.469 0.4933 135 Yes   4.521 0.0335 66 No   1.538 0.2148 68 Yes
      DC 0.158 0.6913 135 Yes   1.317 0.2511 66 Yes   0.632 0.4267 68 Yes
Friends and Personality                                  
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
  Tomboy     NA NA NA NA   NA NA NA NA   -0.609 2.0, 1.391) 0.1743 68 No
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK NA NA NA NA   NA NA NA NA   1.045 0.3066 68 Yes
      DE NA NA NA NA   NA NA NA NA   1.89 0.1692 68 Yes
      DMS NA NA NA NA   NA NA NA NA   1.088 0.2969 68 Yes
      DHS NA NA NA NA   NA NA NA NA   2.977 0.0844 68 Yes
      DC NA NA NA NA   NA NA NA NA   0.03 0.8633 68 Yes
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
  Shy     -1.442 (2.762, 1.319) 0.0001 135 Yes   -1.425 (2.925, 1.5) 0.0012 66 Yes   -1.237 (2.455, 1.217) 0.0031 68 Yes
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 20.316 0.0001 135 No   9.832 0.0017 66 No   8.885 0.0029 68 No
      DE 20.046 0.0001 135 No   5.362 0.0206 66 No   9.792 0.0018 68 No
      DMS 13.421 0.0002 135 No   4.648 0.0311 66 No   6.719 0.0095 68 No
      DHS 5.655 0.0174 135 No   4.52 0.0335 66 No   0.008 0.9267 68 Yes
      DC 6.941 0.0084 135 No   4.265 0.0389 66 No   2.191 0.1388 68 Yes
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
  Most Friends Boys     -0.462 (2.254, 1.792) 0.0902 135 No   0.406 (2.825, 3.231) 0.2633 66 No   -0.249 (1.227, 0.978) 0.3765 68 No
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 0.002 0.9633 135 Yes   0.001 0.9744 66 Yes   3.898 0.0483 68 No
      DE 4.22 0.04 135 No   0.299 0.5847 66 Yes   0.144 0.7041 68 Yes
      DMS 6.629 0.01 135 No   0.168 0.682 66 Yes   0.144 0.7041 68 Yes
      DHS 1.683 0.1945 135 Yes   0.158 0.6909 66 Yes   1.242 0.2651 68 Yes
      DC 0.255 0.6139 135 Yes   8.123 0.0044 66 No*   5.99 0.0144 68 No
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
  Most Friends Girls     0.458 (1.778, 2.236) 0.0969 135 No   -0.369 (1.1, 0.731) 0.1046 66 No   0.087 (3, 3.087) 0.8196 68 No
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 0.43 0.5118 135 Yes   2.758 0.0968 66 Yes   1.44 0.2302 68 Yes
      DE 6.636 0.01 135 No*   0.097 0.7552 66 Yes   0.243 0.6222 68 Yes
      DMS 8.437 0.0037 135 No*   2.056 0.1516 66 Yes   0.006 0.9362 68 Yes
      DHS 0.008 0.9267 135 Yes   1.187 0.276 66 Yes   0.172 0.6783 68 Yes
      DC 0.586 0.444 135 Yes   3.273 0.0704 66 Yes   0.342 0.5585 68 Yes
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
  Friends Played     -0.800 (2.952, 2.153) 0.0049 135 Yes   -0.296 (3.450, 3.154) 0.4001 66 No   -0.504 (2.091, 1.587) 0.2119 68 No
  Video Games     Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 1.205 0.2723 135 Yes   0.051 0.8217 66 Yes   0.605 0.4368 68 Yes
      DE 2.095 0.1478 135 Yes   0.264 0.6071 66 Yes   0.255 0.6134 68 Yes
      DMS 3.109 0.0779 135 Yes   0.102 0.75 66 Yes   0.269 0.6042 68 Yes
      DHS 5.761 0.0164 135 No   1.58 0.2088 66 Yes   0.239 0.6249 68 Yes
      DC 10.228 0.0014 135 No   0.995 0.3185 66 Yes   4.309 0.0379 68 No
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
  Male Friends Play     -0.464 (3.603, 3.139) 0.0686 134 No   -0.360 (3.975, 3.615) 0.2094 66 No   -0.176 (3.045, 2.870) 0.6793 68 No
  More Games     Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Vale Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 1.558 0.2119 135 Yes   0.474 0.4912 66 Yes   0.514 0.4733 68 Yes
      DE 0.748 0.3871 135 Yes   1.58 0.2088 66 Yes   0.732 0.3923 68 Yes
      DMS 2.085 0.1488 135 Yes   0.973 0.3224 66 Yes   0.013 0.908 68 Yes
      DHS 2.411 0.1205 135 Yes   2.056 0.1516 66 Yes   0.072 0.7889 68 Yes
      DC 2.085 0.1488 135 Yes   0.014 0.9069 66 Yes   3.181 0.0745 68 Yes
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
  Female Friends     0.026 (0.016, 0.042) 0.4775 135 No   -0.025 (0.025, 0) 0.4244 66 No   0.065 (0, 0.065) 0.3545 68 No
  Play More Games     Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 0.882 0.3478 135 Yes   NA4 NA4 66 NA4   0.485 0.486 68 Yes
      DE 0.882 0.3478 135 Yes   NA4 NA4 66 NA4   0.485 0.486 68 Yes
      DMS 0.009 0.9242 135 Yes   0.66 0.4166 66 Yes   0.485 0.486 68 Yes
      DHS NA5 NA5 135 NA5   NA5 NA5 66 NA5   NA5 NA5 68 NA5
      DC NA5 NA5 135 NA5   NA5 NA5 66 NA5   NA5 NA5 68 NA5
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
  Friends Used     -0.312 (1.937, 1.625) 0.0985 135 No   -0.327 (2.250, 1.923) 0.217 66 No   0.047 (1.409, 1.457) 0.8622 68 No
  Computers     Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 0.219 0.6397 135 Yes   0.097 0.7552 66 Yes   0.485 0.486 68 Yes
      DE 1.819 0.1775 135 Yes   0.852 0.3559 66 Yes   0.293 0.5882 68 Yes
      DMS 3.458 0.063 135 Yes   3.839 0.0501 66 No   0.486 0.4855 68 Yes
      DHS 0.067 0.7956 135 Yes   0.032 0.8586 66 Yes   0.494 0.4823 68 Yes
      DC 3.68 0.0551 135 Yes   0.962 0.3267 66 Yes   0.961 0.3269 68 Yes
  Male Role Models                                
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
    Used Computers   -0.829 (1.857, 1.028) 0.0033 135 Yes   -0.406 (1.675, 1.269) 0.3349 66 No   -1.2 (2.091, 0.891) 0.0039 68 Yes
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 4.248 0.0393 135 No   0.384 0.5354 66 Yes   5.598 0.018 68 No
      DE 6.888 0.0087 135 No   1.399 0.2369 66 Yes   5.459 0.0195 68 No
      DMS 5.725 0.0167 135 No   0.793 0.3731 66 Yes   4.39 0.0362 68 No
      DHS 6.564 0.0104 135 No   1.514 0.2185 66 Yes   3.235 0.0721 68 Yes
      DC 2.857 0.091 135 Yes   0.006 0.9373 66 Yes   6.773 0.0093 68 No
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
    Encouragement   -0.716 (1.619, 0.903) 0.0083 66 Yes   -0.140 (1.525, 1.385) 0.7394 66 No   -1.097 (1.727, 0.63) 0.0035 68 Yes
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 0.059 0.8084 135 Yes   1.033 0.3094 66 Yes   1.885 0.1698 68 Yes
      DE 5.424 0.0199 135 No   0.381 0.5372 66 Yes   5.58 0.0182 68 No
      DMS 9.109 0.0025 135 No   0.793 0.3731 66 Yes   7.839 0.0051 68 No
      DHS 4.827 0.028 135 No   0.276 0.5995 66 Yes   3.483 0.062 68 Yes
      DC 2.723 0.0989 135 Yes   0.032 0.8586 66 Yes   6.239 0.0135 68 No
  Female Role Models                                
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
    Used Computers   -0.012 (0.762, 0.750) 0.957 135 No   0.310 (0.575, 0.885) 0.3441 66 No   -0.281 (0.955, 0.674) 0.3752 68 No
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 0.371 0.5425 135 Yes   0.048 0.826 66 Yes   0.293 0.5882 68 Yes
      DE 0.298 0.5852 135 Yes   0.039 0.8428 66 Yes   0.144 0.7041 68 Yes
      DMS 0.505 0.4774 135 Yes   1.14 0.2856 66 Yes   0.224 0.636 68 Yes
      DHS 0.0001 0.9999 135 Yes   3.325 0.0682 66 Yes*   2.977 0.0844 68 Yes
      DC 0.006 0.9378 135 Yes   0.089 0.7651 66 Yes   0.458 0.4987 68 Yes
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
    Encouragement   -0.006 (0.714, 0.708) 0.9794 135 No   0.525 (0.475, 1.0) 0.1392 66 No   -0.502 (1.045, 0.543) 0.1211 68 No
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 0.043 0.8356 135 Yes   0.201 0.6542 66 Yes   0.001 0.9704 68 Yes
      DE 1.278 0.2582 135 Yes   0.014 0.9069 66 Yes   1.885 0.1698 68 Yes
      DMS 0.026 0.8714 135 Yes   3.247 0.0716 66 Yes*   1.668 0.1965 68 Yes
      DHS 0.067 0.7958 135 Yes   3.325 0.0682 66 Yes*   1.399 0.2369 68 Yes
      DC 0.048 0.8268 135 Yes   1.416 0.234 66 Yes   2.24 0.1345 68 Yes
Introduction/Exposure to Computers                                  
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
  Age at Introduction     0.906 (7.460, 8.366) 0.0358 134 Yes   1.687 (7.275, 8.962) 0.0052 66 Yes   0.249 (7.773, 8.022) 0.7145 67 No
  Played Games     -1.028 (3.111, 2.083) 0.0001 135 Yes   -0.704 (3.550, 2.846) 0.0284 66 Yes   -0.711 (2.364, 1.652) 0.0507 68 Yes
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 1.948 0.1628 135 Yes   1.287 0.2566 66 Yes   0.144 0.7041 68 Yes
      DE 7.246 0.0071 135 No   4.064 0.0438 66 No   1.075 0.2998 68 Yes
      DMS 7.161 0.0074 135 No   0.429 0.5125 66 Yes   1.927 0.1651 68 Yes
      DHS 4.612 0.0317 135 No   2.345 0.1257 66 Yes   0.02 0.8885 68 Yes
      DC 9.763 0.0018 135 No   0.563 0.4529 66 Yes   5.99 0.0144 68 No
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
  Computers W/Hobby     -0.736 (2.111, 1.375) 0.0024 135 Yes   -1.029 (2.375, 1.346) 0.0058 66 Yes   -0.245 (1.636, 1.391) 0.4746 68 No
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 1.009 0.3151 135 Yes   0.852 0.3559 66 Yes   0.485 0.486 68 Yes
      DE 3.704 0.0543 135 No   3.909 0.048 66 No   0.096 0.7561 68 Yes
      DMS 5.672 0.0172 135 No   2.795 0.0946 66 Yes   1.966 0.1609 68 Yes
      DHS 5.906 0.0151 135 No   10.206 0.0014 66 No   0.0001 0.999 68 Yes
      DC 3.704 0.0543 135 No   2.176 0.1402 66 Yes   0.255 0.6134 68 Yes
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
  Programming     -1.881 (2.603, 0.722) 0.0001 135 Yes   -1.979 (2.825, 0.846) 0.0001 66 Yes   -1.575 (2.227, 0.652) 0.0001 68 Yes
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 2.318 0.1279 135 Yes   2.043 0.1529 66 Yes   0.293 0.5882 68 Yes
      DE 19.819 0.0001 135 No   9.448 0.0021 66 No   4.494 0.034 68 No
      DMS 16.898 0.0001 135 No   9.225 0.0024 66 No   4.95 0.0261 68 No
      DHS 23.703 0.0001 135 No   14.699 0.0001 66 No   6.64 0.01 68 No
      DC 77.449 0.0001 135 No   34.228 0.0001 66 No   38.816 0.0001 68 No
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
  Had Computers     -0.526 (3.762, 3.236) 0.0046 135 Yes   -0.721 (3.875, 3.154) 0.0037 66 Yes   -0.263 (3.545, 3.283) 0.3851 68 No
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 0.659 0.4168 135 Yes   0.79 0.3741 66 Yes   0.313 0.5757 68 Yes
      DE 5.855 0.0155 135 No   5.362 0.0206 66 No   0.525 0.4687 68 Yes
      DMS 3.592 0.0581 135 Yes   2.056 0.1516 66 Yes   0.234 0.6285 68 Yes
      DHS 6.46 0.011 135 No   6.551 0.0105 66 No   1.501 0.2205 68 Yes
      DC 1.484 0.2232 135 Yes   4.835 0.0279 66 No   0.293 0.5882 68 Yes
        Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant   Mean Diff (CU, NCU) P-Value Sample Size Significant
  Used Computers     -0.536 (3.619, 3.083) 0.0032 135 Yes   -0.608 (3.8, 3.192) 0.0073 66 Yes   0.251 (3.273, 3.022) 0.4083 68 No
        Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent   Chi Square P-Value Sample Size Independent
      BK 1.55 0.2132 135 Yes   0.852 0.3559 66 Yes   0.605 0.4368 68 Yes
      DE 5.314 0.0212 135 No   4.338 0.0373 66 No   0.269 0.6042 68 Yes
      DMS 2.411 0.1205 135 Yes   0.962 0.3267 66 Yes   0.004 0.948 68 Yes
      DHS 7.441 0.0064 135 No   4.835 0.0279 66 No   2.581 0.1081 68 Yes
      DC 3.11 0.0778 135 Yes   4.835 0.0279 66 No   0.105 0.7459 68 Yes

Notes:

BK = Before Kindergarden * Inverse Relation (Variable increases, computer usage decreases)
DE = During Elementary School 1. No women had mothers who used computers BK
DMS = During Middle SchoolV 2. No men had older sisters who used computers BK.
DHS = During High School 3. No men had younger sisters who used computers BK.
DC = During College 4. No men said females played more video games than males BK or DE.
CU = Computer User 5. No one said females played more video games than males DHS or DC.
NCU = Non Computer User 6. No women had mothers who used computers BK.
EM = Ethnic Minority 7. The sample pools within each income bracket were too small to run a test.
NEM = Non Ethnic Minority
> = Greater Salary
< = Lesser Salary
Mean Diff = NCU - CU, NEM - EM, or > - <

Copyright © Teresa Torres 2002